Comparison: Intense Sweeteners
& Sugar


PROPERTIESASPARTAMEACESULFAME KSODIUM
CYCLAMATE
SODIUM
SACCHARIN
SUGARNEOTAMESUCRALOSE
Relative Sweetness
compared to sugar
2002003050018000600
TasteHigh quality rounded sweetness, even at high concentrations.Rapid onset, good quality at low levels, bitter note at high levels.Rounded at low levels, chemical taste at high levels.Rapid onset, bitter note at moderate levels.High quality rounded sweetnessClean, sugar-like tasteGood quality sugar-like taste
Solubility (ambient)
g/100ml water
Moderate, 1g/100mlGood, 27g/100mlGood, 20g/100mlHigh, 83g/100mlVery High, 200g/100mlModerate 1.3g/100mlGood 27g/100ml
StabilityGood in dry form. Stability affected by pH extremes and high temperatures.Good in storage and under pH, heat and shear conditions.Good in storage and under pH, heat and shear conditions.Good in storage and under pH, heat and shear conditions.Good in storage, pH sensitive.Good in dry form. Stability affected by pH extremes.Good in storage and under pH, heat and shear conditions.
South African
Approval
YesYesYesYesYesYesYes
SafetySafeSafeControversial, but approved.Controversial, but approved.SafeSafeSafe
ADI50mg/kg body weight15mg/kg body weight11mg/kg body weight2.5mg/kg body weightGenerally regarded as safe (G.R.A.S.)2mg/kg body weight15mg/kg body weight
Suitable for
Diabetics
YesYesYesYesIn moderationYesYes
MetabolisedYesYesNoNoYesNoNo
Non-cariogenic
(tooth friendly)
YesYesYesYesNoYesYes
Kilojoule
Value (kJ)
0,1kJ is equivalent to 1 g sugar replacedNoneNoneNone17kJ/gNoneNone

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